Boletus spp.- Big Lagoon, CA. 

  Monotropa  uniflora  - a mycoheterotrophic parasitic plant in the huckleberry family! (Ericaceae). These plants do not photosynthesize-rather, they parasitize fungi that establish ectomycorrhizal associations with other photosynthetic plants and utilize the fungi as a means by which to acquire all of their necessary carbon and nutrients;  St. Regis, MT.

Monotropa uniflora- a mycoheterotrophic parasitic plant in the huckleberry family! (Ericaceae). These plants do not photosynthesize-rather, they parasitize fungi that establish ectomycorrhizal associations with other photosynthetic plants and utilize the fungi as a means by which to acquire all of their necessary carbon and nutrients; St. Regis, MT.

  Blue Camas Lily-  Camassia  quamash  with a pollinator frenzy! The bulbs of this plant are considered a delicacy of Native American tribes often cooked, or dried and ground into a flour to use in baking;  Potlach, ID . 

Blue Camas Lily- Camassia quamash with a pollinator frenzy! The bulbs of this plant are considered a delicacy of Native American tribes often cooked, or dried and ground into a flour to use in baking; Potlach, ID

  Pedicularis    groenlandica  (Elephant head lousewort)-  a member of the Orobanchaceae. Plants in this family establish parasitic relationships via a root-root connection using what is called a  haustorium  in order to acquire nutrients from its host. Often found in riparian areas of higher mountain regions of North America;  Elk City, ID . 

Pedicularis groenlandica (Elephant head lousewort)- a member of the Orobanchaceae. Plants in this family establish parasitic relationships via a root-root connection using what is called a haustorium in order to acquire nutrients from its host. Often found in riparian areas of higher mountain regions of North America; Elk City, ID

  Yellow Columbine  - Aquilegia  flavescens,  a favorite summer wildflower of mine, found in lower alpine regions;  Yellowstone NP . 

Yellow Columbine - Aquilegia flavescens, a favorite summer wildflower of mine, found in lower alpine regions; Yellowstone NP

 Glaciers make the greatest coolers-  Glacier National Park, MT. 

Glaciers make the greatest coolers- Glacier National Park, MT. 

  Juncus  lesueurii  (dune rush)-  One of my favorite things about spring in Humboldt County, it is always a treat to see this rush in bloom...Just look at those iridescent pink stigmas!  Manila, CA.

Juncus lesueurii (dune rush)- One of my favorite things about spring in Humboldt County, it is always a treat to see this rush in bloom...Just look at those iridescent pink stigmas! Manila, CA.

 Patricks Point State Park-  Trinidad, CA

Patricks Point State Park- Trinidad, CA

  Cronartium  ribicola -  A species of rust fungus in the family Cronartiaceae that causes the disease white pine blister rust. This pathogen is an extreme threat to high elevation white pines, that provide critical habitat to a variety of alpine creatures like the Clarks Nutcracker;  Hamilton, MT.  

Cronartium ribicola- A species of rust fungus in the family Cronartiaceae that causes the disease white pine blister rust. This pathogen is an extreme threat to high elevation white pines, that provide critical habitat to a variety of alpine creatures like the Clarks Nutcracker; Hamilton, MT. 

  Sparassis  radicata  (cauliflower mushroom)-  An excellent edible, though this one had quite a heavy dose of trail spice. A pathogenic fungus, causing a brown rot on the root systems of conifers, often found fruiting near the base of the tree,   Bellingham, WA . 

Sparassis radicata (cauliflower mushroom)- An excellent edible, though this one had quite a heavy dose of trail spice. A pathogenic fungus, causing a brown rot on the root systems of conifers, often found fruiting near the base of the tree,  Bellingham, WA

 Autumn riding on Galbraith mountain-  Bellingham, WA. 

Autumn riding on Galbraith mountain- Bellingham, WA.